Water purification tablets. Photo by Nick Clement/CPW.
Dehydration is one of the greatest threats to hunters, hikers and outdoor recreationists. Each year, hundreds of people face potentially life-threatening situations in the outdoors simply because they didn’t bring enough water with them. In this Colorado Outdoors Survival Series, we’ll discuss the best methods for purifying water and offer tips on how to stay properly hydrated in Colorado’s backcountry.
Click HERE to visit the previous chapter in this series.
CPW Photo by Nick Clement
Colorado’s backcountry and rugged terrain can confuse and disorient even the most experienced outdoorsman. Therefore, it’s important to know how to use a map and compass to avoid getting lost when venturing into remote areas. In this chapter of Colorado Outdoors‘ Survival Series, you will learn how to navigate your way to safety in any situation. To view the previous chapter in this series, click HERE.
The most important thing to remember is that your survival kit is NO GOOD unless it is with you. When I venture more than 200 feet from the truck, trailhead or camp I always make sure I have my survival kit.
Photo by Nick Clement/CPW.
This small kit includes those things that will enable you to survive an unforeseen situation. Your kit should contain the tools necessary to build a fire, provide shelter, signal for help and stay hydrated:
- FIRE – metal match and Vaseline-soaked cotton balls
- SHELTER – 4mm-thick bag, 8×10 tarp
- SIGNAL – whistle, mirror, orange flagging tape
- HYDRATION – chlorine tablets
In this third chapter and video, we will take a closer look at the essential items to stock in your survival kit. Click HERE to go to the previous chapter in this series. Click HERE to go to Chapter 4 .
To understand outdoor survival, it is crucial to be aware of what hazards are present. Although the Rocky Mountains are generally a very safe place to recreate, the key is being able to identify potential threats and practice the skills needed to endure those threats. The following are the top risks to look out for and, more importantly, prepare for:
Lightning: Lighting can be common in the Rocky Mountains anytime of the year. If you are at high elevations in the summer, lightning storms can appear out of nowhere. Here are a few basic tips:
- Don’t be connected to the tallest object in the area. Reduce your exposure by moving to a lower altitude. If you are at timberline, move to the treeline and stay there until the storm passes.
- Keep your feet close together with the least amount of contact to ground and get in a tight ball.
- Metal on your body does not increase attraction, but it will burn you if you are struck by lightning.
- Fishermen should get off the water and into a car as quickly as possible.
Thunderstorms can develop quickly, especially in alpine areas. I have been caught in numerous thunderstorms while hunting and fishing in Colorado’s high country. I always assume I can never be too safe. If I hear roaring thunder approaching, I always move to a lower elevation as soon as possible.
CPW photo by Nick Clement
Altitude: Climbing in altitude without proper preparation may lead to becoming hypoxic. Hypoxic is when your brain and body do not function properly due to lack of oxygen. Preventing oxygen deprivation is a lot easier than coping with it after the fact. Here are some general tips to avoid hypoxia: Read more
Peter Kummerfeldt has been teaching outdoor survival nearly his entire life. His approach is practical and proven. Colorado Parks and Wildlife partnered with Peter in the production of a 10-chapter outdoor survival series. As an avid outdoorsmen and survival enthusiast, I was fortunate to produce the project. I learned a number of skills and knowledge that have helped me immensely.
With 22 million acres of public lands, Colorado has endless opportunities to recreate far off the beaten path.
CPW photo by Nick Clement
A common misconception is “I will never get lost” or “I would know how to survive because I watch all the survival shows.” The reality is that Colorado’s backcountry can overwhelm you. Weather can change immediately and one misinterpretation of a map or taking the wrong trail can lead you to being completely lost and left outside overnight with no water, shelter or fire.
The first key to eliminating this chance is to define and clearly understand survival. Survival is the ability and desire to stay alive in an unforeseen situation. Ability means skills and knowledge, while desire is not only wanting to acquire those skills and knowledge but also the will to implement them in case you find yourself in a dangerous predicament. Read more
Whether you hunt turkeys or simply enjoy hiking in Colorado’s backcountry, you need to be on the lookout for ticks. Ticks can carry Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and other serious diseases. In this Colorado Outdoors “Quick Tip” video, you will learn a few precautions that you can take to prevent tick bites anytime you are hunting or hiking in tick-infested areas.
When hunting waterfowl, a blind is essential to stay hidden from the sharp, well-trained eyes of ducks and geese. Although permanent blinds and pit-blinds typically offer the best cover and concealment, they are usually not an option when hunting public land. In this Colorado Outdoors “Quick Tip” video, you will learn how to build a simple but effective duck blind that works well for most applications. Best of all, this portable, light-weight blind costs less than $40.
Virtual scouting is important if you want to increase your chances of harvesting a big-game animal. The Colorado Hunting Atlas is a great tool, developed by Colorado Parks and Wildlife’s GIS team, to help you achieve greater success in the field. In this Colorado Outdoors Online “Quick Tips” video, you will learn how to use the Colorado Hunting Atlas and see an overview of the main functions and features.
Fishing with bait is one of the most productive methods for catching fish. It’s also one of the most popular. According to surveys conducted by Colorado Parks and Wildlife, nearly half of the state’s anglers fish with bait. In this “Quick Tips” video, you will learn how to set up a slip-sinker rig for bottom fishing with worms and Powerbait, and how to suspend bait off the bottom using a bobber.