Woolly Bugger: Use This Fly to Catch More Fish
Asking a fly fisherman to pick their favorite fly is a lot like asking a mother to pick her favorite child. It’s a question that’s nearly impossible to answer (although, I’m an only child but I’m still not convinced that I’m my mom’s favorite).
Most fly fishers, myself included, fill their fly boxes to the brim with hundreds of different flies or “patterns.” Each fly serves a unique purpose and is designed to imitate the various mayflies, caddisflies, midges, stoneflies, scuds and terrestrials that are common to Colorado’s waterways. And combining the “art” of casting a fly rod with the science of entomology (the study of insects) is what makes fly fishing so rewarding.
Yet, the endless selection of fly patterns and all the related technical jargon are also the primary reasons why fly fishing can be confusing and even a little intimidating for beginners. Therefore, in an effort to simplify things a bit, if I was going to pick just one fly to use in all of Colorado’s lakes and rivers, regardless of the time of year or fishing conditions, I’d pick the Woolly Bugger.
The Woolly Bugger may well be the most versatile and productive fly ever invented. It’s also extremely effective for nearly every species of fish found in Colorado. I’ve caught big brown trout at North Delaney, brook trout in high-mountain beaver ponds, cutthroat trout in streams and have landed bass and bluegill in suburban ponds — all on woolly buggers. While trout fishing at Spinney Mountain Reservoir, I’ve also had northern pike attack Woolly Buggers so violently that nothing remained on the end of my fly line except a busted 4x tippet and a toothy grin.
Although the Woolly Bugger is a very simple pattern, its marabou tail, chenille body and palmer-styled hackle is an irresistible combination for fish. This is likely because the fly mimics so many different types of aquatic insects and forage species. The Woolly Bugger’s marabou tail undulates or “breaths” underwater, closely imitating the movement of crayfish, minnows, leaches and sculpins — all primary food sources for trout and other game fish.
Woolly Buggers come in a variety of colors and sizes (black with a peacock-herl or olive-chenille body is my favorite, but olive, brown and purple are also effective colors). I like to use the beadhead and conehead versions when fishing stillwaters or large rivers. The weighted head allows you to fish the fly deeper without adding clunky-to-cast split shot to the line. Additionally, the top-heavy design gives the fly a diving motion in the water, similar to a marabou crappie jig. When I tie Woolly Buggers at home, I often add copper or lead wire under the head, instead of using beads, to give the fly a more streamlined look.
On lakes and reservoirs, I retrieve Woolly Buggers with a series of short, quick strips, and then I will pause for a couple seconds to let the fly settle. The stop-and-go motion accentuates the action of this already exuberant pattern. When fishing rivers, I either dead-drift the fly in the current, or I will use the strip-strip-pause retrieve method mentioned above. I’ve also had great success fishing Woolly Buggers along undercut banks in rivers and streams. The Woolly’s lively motion can be just the ticket to coax a big trout from its dark hiding place.
I prefer to use a non-slip mono loop knot instead of a standard clinch knot when attaching Woolly Buggers and other large streamer patterns to the leader or tippet. The loop allows the fly to move freely with as little interference as possible from the leader.
Although you can catch fish midday on Woolly Buggers, I’ve had the best success fishing them in the early morning, late evening or after dark. In fact, fishing large-sized (#2-#4) Woolly Buggers after 10 p.m. has produced some of my biggest fish to date. There is likely no better fly to use for nighttime angling. Fish seem to hit this fly with extreme vengeance after dark. This will send an unmistakable jolt through your rod hand that will inspire you to keep casting well into the early a.m. hours.
As I’ve already mentioned, Woolly Buggers will catch almost anything that swims in a lake, river or stream. However, here are a few of my favorite locations to fish this pattern in Colorado: Delaney Butte Lakes, Lake John, Antero Reservoir, Spinney Mountain Reservoir, South Platte River, Eleven Mile State Park and Stagecoach Reservoir. Be sure to check out the Colorado Fishing Atlas for directions to these destinations.